The Use of Electronic Monitoring in EU Member States

About the Project


Briefing papers now available to download

The Comparative Report is available to download below:

Comparative – English

Comparative – French   Comparative – Dutch   Comparative – German 

Briefing papers from each of the jurisdictions are also available:

England and Wales


Germany – German   Germany – English

Netherlands – Dutch    Netherlands – English

Belgium -English   Belgian Briefing – French   Belgium Briefing -Dutch

The EMEU project focused on the potential of electronic monitoring (EM) to provide a credible and workable alternative to imprisonment, therefore assisting in the management and reduction of EU prison populations. A core element of the project was that it was the first empirical study of the use of EM at three stages of the criminal justice process – pre-trial, sentence and post-release – across 5 jurisdictions.  Coupled with this was a systematic and comprehensive analysis of legal and policy frameworks at the national and European levels providing a unique comparative study of EM.IMG_4392 This research project was a partnership between professors from five Universities in Europe; Prof. Anthea Hucklesby (The University of Leeds), Prof. Gill McIvor (The University of Stirling), Prof. Kristel Beyens (Vrije Universiteit, Brussels), Prof. Frieder Dünkel (University of Greifswald) and Prof. Miranda Boone (Utrecht University).

The findings will fill a significant knowledge gap about the capacity of EM to operate as an alternative to imprisonment and inform recommendations on best practice to enhance its effectiveness and ensure its legal, ethical and humane use across the EU.

The project began in May 2014 and was completed in April 2016. The partners were supported by an Advisory Board of experts from research user communities across the EU.

Co-funded by the Criminal Justice Programme of the European Union

This publication has been produced with the financial support of the Criminal Justice Programme of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the project partners and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Commission.

© Copyright Leeds 2016