The Use of Electronic Monitoring in EU Member States


In this section:

Project Partners

Anthea HucklesbyProfessor Anthea Hucklesby

Professor of Criminal Justice, University of Leeds
Deputy Director of the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies

Professor Anthea Hucklesby is Professor of Criminal Justice at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, School of Law and Pro-Dean for Research and Innovation at the University of Leeds, UK. She has undertaken research and published in a range of areas in the criminal justice process including electronic monitoring, police and court bail, drug misuse in prison, pre-trial drugs intervention, prisoners’ resettlement, community sentences and private and third sector involvement in criminal justice. She is currently leading a European Commission Directorate of Justice funded project on ‘Creativity and effectiveness in the use of electronic monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment in EU member states’ (JUST/2013/JPEN/AG/4510).

Her recent books include: A. Hucklesby and E. Wincup, (eds) (2010) Drug Interventions in Criminal Justice, Open University Press; A. Hucklesby (2011) Bail Support Schemes for Adults, Policy Press, A. Crawford and A. Hucklesby (eds) (2013) Legitimacy and Compliance in Criminal Justice, Routledge and A. Hucklesby and M. Corcoran (eds) (2015) The Voluntary Sector and Criminal Justice. She has also published a trio of articles on electronic monitoring: A. Hucklesby, (2008) ‘Vehicles of Desistance: the impact of electronically monitored curfew orders’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 8(1): 51-71; A. Hucklesby (2009) ‘Understanding offenders’ compliance: a case study of electronically monitored curfew orders’, Journal of Law and Society, 36(2): 248-71 and A. Hucklesby (2011) ‘The Nightlife of Electronic Monitoring Officers’, Criminal Justice, 11(1): 1-18 and contributed a chapter on ‘Insiders’ Views of Electronically Monitored Curfew Orders’ in M. Nellis, K. Beyens and D. Kaminski (eds) (2012) Electronically Monitored Punishment: International and Critical Perspectives, Routledge. She is currently editing a companion volume to the Voluntary Sector and Criminal Justice on the Private Sector and Criminal Justice with Stuart Lister which is due to be published in 2016.


Kristel-KermisProfessor Kristel Beyens

Professor of Penology and Criminology
Department of Criminology, Research group Crime & Society (CRiS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Kristel’s research examines institutions, cultures, actors and practices of punishment from a sociological – penological approach. She has published on penal decision-making, penal policy and prison overcrowding and on the implementation of imprisonment, community service and electronic monitoring. She supervises PhD theses and research projects on early release and back-end sentencing, professional cultures of judges, prison officers, prison governors and EM monitoring officers, food in prison and irregular migrants in prison.

She was co-chair of an EU funded COST-Action on ‘Offender Supervision in Europe’ which involved about 70 researchers from more than 20 jurisdictions.

She has authored and co-edited several books, including Electronically Monitored Punishment (with Mike Nellis and Dan Kaminski, 2013). She is a founding member and former chair of the ESC Working Group on Community Sanctions, and member of the ESC Working Group on Sentencing and Penal Decision-Making and of the ESC Working Group of Prison Life and the Effects of Imprisonment.

Miranda BooneProfessor Miranda Boone

Professor in Penitentiary Law and Penology at University Groningen
Senior Lecturer Criminal Law and Criminology at Utrecht University.

Miranda is a criminologist and a criminal lawyer carrying out research at the interface of criminology and criminal law. She is particularly interested in the decision-making process with regard to the application of sentences from a normative and a social science perspective. She has conducted empirical research in the field of probation, prisons and the courts. Miranda has co-published a textbook on the relation between criminology and criminal law (Boone & Brants 2013), a report on the experiences of Belgian prisoners and Dutch staff in the Tilburg Penitentiary Institution (Beyens & Boone 2013), a book-chapter on decision-making in offender-supervision (Boone & Herzog-Evans 2013) a report on supervising sex offenders in the community paper (Boone, Van de Bunt & Siegel 2014) and a book on life climate in prison (Boone, Althoff & Koenraadt 2016).

Frieder-DuenkelProfessor Frieder Dünkel

Chair of Criminology at the University of Greifswald.

He was the university´s Vice Rector for Research, Transfer and Internationalisation from 2010 to 2013 and both Dean (1996-1997) and Vice Dean (1995-96) of the Faculty of Law and Economics.

Frieder Dünkel’s research foci are juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, crime prevention, penology, prison and penal sanctions systems, often in an internationally comparative perspective. He coordinated and took part in several national and international collaborative projects, including most recently the EU-funded Restorative Justice and the Mediation in Penal Matters – a stock-taking of legal issues, implementation strategies and outcomes in the Member States of the European Union. He has published a range of monographs, editions and articles in national and international journals.

Gill-McIvorProfessor Gill McIvor

Professor of Criminology, University of Stirling
Co-Director of the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research

Gill has a long-standing interest in community penalties, problem-solving justice and women’s experiences of criminalization and punishment.

Her recent publications include “Women, Punishment and Social Justice” (with Margaret Malloch, Routledge, 2012) and “Working with Women Offenders in the Community” (with Rosemary Sheehan and Chris Trotter, Willan, 2011). She is a member of the European Society of Criminology Working Groups on Community Punishment, Gender and Justice and Sentencing and Penal Decision Making and a member of the Decision–Making Working Group of the EU Cost Action on Offender Supervision in Europe.

Advisory Board

Andy Bruce

Deputy Director for Community Justice at the Scottish Government.

Andy’s previous posts in the Scottish Government have included jobs working on public health, health inequalities and social work services. Prior to joining the Scottish Government, Andy spent 5 years working for the Ministry of Defence in London and Cyprus, before moving to Edinburgh in 2005 to take up a secondment with a schools-based charity delivering an alternative curriculum to young people.

Silke Eilzer

District Court Judge, currently seconded to the Hessian Higher Regional Court in Frankfurt, Germany

Before studying law at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main and at the University of Leicester, UK, she completed her registrar. Her practical legal training included stages at the German Consulate General in Los Angeles and at the European Parliament in Luxembourg.

From 2010 to 2013 she worked as a section head for Electronic Monitoring, mutual legal assistance, victim support, narcotics law and law governing sexual offences at the Hessian Ministry of Justice.

Mark GriffithsMark Griffiths

Director of Business Development, G4S Justice Services, UK

Mark has wide experience in offender electronic monitoring (EM) technologies, EM programme design and programme start-up gained from over 18 years in this sector. He leads on EM business development for G4S around the world. He supports G4S companies in developing opportunities with their own Justice Administrations, helping them develop local EM expertise. He helps new users consider the wider aims of their EM programmes before choosing the technology and service options. “It’s all about developing an effective programme. It’s not simply about selecting technology”

Between 1996 and 2006 Mark managed an EM technology systems provider from start-up to acquisition by G4S in 2006. During this time he was involved in design and development of several EM products including development of new home detention equipment, voice verification and GPS tracking.

Mark is familiar with all significant EM equipment and associated software available as well as the range of approaches taken by countries for implementing and administering their EM programmes.

As an acknowledged EM authority, Mark has spoken at conferences, on TV, written journal articles and been quoted in other media on a range of EM subjects. He is well known to most in the international EM business.

He has a BSc Hons, an MBA, is a PRINCE2 Project Management Practitioner and is a member of the Chartered Institute of Marketing.

Antonia Le RoyDSCN7375mijn foto

Director of the Flemish Centre of Electronic Monitoring, Belgium

Since 1994 Antonia has worked for a wide range of services within the Justice sector. Antonia started her career working on mediation issues alongside the public prosecutor of Oudenaarde. In 2000, she worked for the Procurator-General in Ghent as an Adviser for Victim and Mediation Affairs. She was also involved in the follow-up of the victims of the gas explosion which took place in 2004 in Belgium and led to the deaths of 24 people and where over 132 people were injured.

In 2007 Antonia took upon a new challenge and set up a victim’s project under the initiative of the president of the Ministry of Justice. At the time Antonia was also responsible for the management of a House of Justice. Houses of Justice in Belgium are responsible for the ‘social’ follow-up of people under supervision; they also fulfil other functions including victims support services.

Between 2011 and 2015, Antonia was responsible for the People Department of the Houses of Justice and the National Centre of Electronic Monitoring.

In 2015 Antonia joined the newly established Flemish Centre of Electronic Monitoring as the Director.

Pedro Ferreira MarumPedro Ferreira Marum

 Deputy General Director of House of Justice department. Responsible for the General Department Justice and Citizen. Federation Wallonia-Brussels.

Pedro is a criminologist and scientific collaborator from the University of Liège. Pedro has worked in the field of penal measures and sentences as an alternative to prison for almost 20 years.
He started his career creating and working in a community service orders institution financed by the Ministry of Justice and shared by municipalities. After 9 years he began working directly for the Ministry of Justice, focusing on working towards effective alternatives to imprisonment. In 2008, Pedro joined the National Centre of Electronic Monitoring, part of the Ministry of Justice as the Head. Since 2015, Pedro is the Director of the General Department Justice and Citizen. He oversees four services including the Centre for Electronic Monitoring.

Pedro is a criminologist and scientific collaborator from the University of Liège. Pedro has worked in the field of penal measures and sentences as an alternative to prison for almost 20 years. He started his career creating and working in a community service orders institution financed by the Ministry of Justice and shared by municipalities. After 9 years he began working directly for the Ministry of Justice, focusing on working towards effective alternatives to imprisonment.

In 2008, Pedro joined the National Centre of Electronic Monitoring, part of the Ministry of Justice as the Head. Since 2015, Pedro is the Director of the General Department Justice and Citizen. He oversees four services including the Centre for Electronic Monitoring.

Mike NellisMike Nellis

Emeritus Professor of Criminal and Community Justice
The Centre for Law, Crime & Justice, Law School University of Strathclyde.

Mike was formerly a social worker with young offenders in London, has a PhD from the Institute of Criminology in Cambridge, and was involved in the training of probation officers at the University of Birmingham. He has written widely on the fortunes of the probation service, alternatives to imprisonment and particularly the electronic monitoring of offenders, on which he is an acknowledged expert. In respect of the latter, he has been actively involved since 2005 in the planning of a series of European conferences on EM, and between 2011-13 acted as one of two advisers to a Council of Europe Committee on Penal Affairs which drew up an ethical recommendation on EM, for circulation in the Council’s member countries. He teaches a Master’s degree course on “surveillance, technology and criminal justice” studies in the Strathclyde Law School. He has recently co-edited Electronically Monitored Punishment: international and critical perspectives, with Belgian colleagues Kristel Beyens and Dan Kaminski.

Richard Pickering

Richard has worked for the National Offender Management Service (NOMS), the Ministry of Justice, the Prison Service and the Home Office in a number of posts over the years. He is currently responsible for the management of the Ministry of Justice contract with EMS Capita for the delivery of electronic monitoring services and also for the future alignment of electronic monitoring capability with Government policy objectives. This is the second time in his career when he has dealt with electronic monitoring; in the late 1990s he worked on the legislation and the contracts which introduced the national home detention scheme under which prisoners in England and Wales serve part of their sentence subject to electronic monitoring in the community. Prior to this post, most recently Richard was responsible for police workforce reform, addressing the recruitment, development and reward of police officers. Before that he led on developing prison intelligence networks and the creation and implementation of strategies to manage key threats to prison security including extremism, organised crime, illicit drugs and mobile phones.

Adrian Scott

Director for Electronic Monitoring

Adrian is currently the Director for the electronic monitoring programme for England and Wales. He is working with Ministers to establish the policy and strategic direction for the use of electronic monitoring and will be responsible for delivering the programme once the direction has been agreed.

Adrian has held a wide range of challenging and high profile roles. He was previously head of security for the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) with oversight of extremism, serious and organised crime, intelligence, staff corruption and security policy across prisons and probation. He worked across Government including Cabinet Office, Home Office, the Security services and the Police on high profile critical policy and operational business. He delivered the Mercury electronic intelligence system across prisons. Previously, Adrian led a number of complex change programmes in challenging organisations, including the Prison Service, Ministry of Justice and Surrey Police. As Programme Director for the reorganisation of the National Offender Management Service he successfully delivered radical public sector reform in public sector prisons.

Arlene A Stuart

Head of the Community Justice Operational Unit at the Scottish Government

Arlene’s previous roles have covered eHealth, data standards and supporting the multi-agency sharing of information for child protection, children’s services and adult care services. Prior to joining the Scottish Government, Arlene spent 11 years in strategic and management roles in local government in Scotland having returned to Aberdeen in 1998 from working in the private sector in the south east of England. Arlene’s key interests lie in the fields of continuous improvement, learning & development and project & contract management. She takes a keen interest in social work services, having now spent 13 years working with that sector in Scotland.

Willem van der BruggeWillem van der Brugge

Secretary General, Confederation of European Probation (CEP)

Willem van der Brugge started his career 38 years ago as a nursing officer and then some years later as a unit manager in a psychiatric hospital in the province of North Holland (the Netherlands). In 1989 he became a specialised probation worker for the Addiction and Probation Service in North Holland where he established several drug-free units to work with addicted prisoners.

Twelve years later he became national policy advisor at the umbrella organisation of Addiction and Probation Trusts (SVG), where he dealt with probation matters as well as planning and control. For the last four years he has been responsible for the operational and financial management of the SVG.

Willem has been involved in the European Network on Drugs and Infection Prevention in Prison (ENDIPP) for many years. And after visiting several prisons in Europe he recognised the relationship between social, economic and political circumstances and changes in prison and probation practices across Europe throughout history. His interest in probation and the treatment of prisoners across Europe caused him to apply for, and gain, the post of Secretary General of the CEP in April 2013.

Willem has a Master’s degree in Public Management and Governance.

Michiel van der Veen

Project Leader for the Professionalisation of electronic monitoring at the Dutch Probation Service

Michiel van der Veen works as an independent consultant on the field of Electronic Monitoring and is a substitute judge in criminal court in the Netherlands (northern region). He holds a Law degree and Masters in Public Management. He started his career at the Public Prosecution Office and worked almost ten years at the Dutch probation Service. After that he continued his career at two consultancy firms where he was responsible for different projects in the judicial chain. His expertise on the field of Electronic Monitoring is focused on the development of (new) concepts, innovation and process design. In that area he has been working in different countries. In the Netherlands he has been working on the professionalization of EM in 2013-2015.

Co-funded by the Criminal Justice Programme of the European Union

This publication has been produced with the financial support of the Criminal Justice Programme of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the project partners and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Commission.

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